Northern white rhinos are a subspecies of white rhinos native to central Africa. Sadly, the subspecies is on the verge of extinction, with only two females left in the world. Sudan, the last male northern white rhino, died in 2018 at the Ol Pejeta Conservancy in Kenya. Sudan was thought to be the sole remaining male northern white rhino, and his death was a severe loss for the species’ conservation.
Sudan was born in what is now South Sudan in 1973. In 1975, he was captured in the wild and taken to the Czech Republic’s Dvr Králové Zoo. Sudan, together with three other northern white rhinos, including Suni, his daughter Najin, and granddaughter Fatu, was transferred to the Ol Pejeta Conservancy in Kenya in 2009. The rhinos were constantly protected from poachers because they were the world’s last remaining northern white rhinos.
Sudan died in 2018 at the age of 45 because of declining health. He was the world’s last male northern white rhino, and his death signaled the end of an era. Najin and Fatu are the world’s only two remaining northern white rhinoceros. Najin was born in captivity in 1989, and her mother, Nasima, was born in captivity as well. Fatu was born in captivity in the year 2000, and her mother’s name was Najin.
Najin and Fatu live in Kenya’s Ol Pejeta Conservancy, where they are constantly protected from poachers. The rhinos are being protected by a variety of techniques, including 24-hour armed monitoring and GPS tracking to monitor their movements. The conservancy is also collaborating with experts to create assisted reproduction technologies that could aid in the subspecies’ survival.
Sudan’s extinction was a severe blow to northern white rhino conservation, but there is yet hope for the subspecies. Scientists are working on In Vitro Fertilization techniques that could be utilized to make embryos from Najin and Fatu’s eggs and the sperms of the deceased Sudan. The embryos could then be placed into surrogates of the southern white rhino, a close relative of the northern white rhino.
In conclusion, the northern white rhino is on the verge of extinction, with only two females left in the world. Sudan’s extinction was a huge blow to the subspecies’ conservation, yet there is still hope for its survival. At the Ol Pejeta Conservancy in Kenya, Najin and Fatu are constantly protected, and scientists are working on developing assisted reproductive technologies that could help save the subspecies from extinction. The conservation of the northern white rhino is a serious issue, and we must continue to work to ensure its existence.
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